Diabetes Specialist

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Diabetes Q & A

What causes diabetes?

There are two primary forms of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2.

Type 1 diabetes is present at birth or manifests during early childhood and is an autoimmune condition. Type 2 diabetes usually develops in adults and is often the result of weight gain or obesity. In both forms of diabetes, the body has a difficult time regulating insulin, the hormone that’s responsible for managing the presence of sugar in your cells.

People with diabetes can experience extreme highs or lows in blood sugar because their insulin response is compromised. That can lead to dangerous health complications, including kidney disease.

Some people with type 2 diabetes may be more genetically predisposed to develop metabolic syndrome, a cluster of symptoms like high blood pressure and abdominal fat. That syndrome can lead to the development of diabetes.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

The symptoms of diabetes can often be vague and varied, depending on the state of your blood sugar. You may not even know you have diabetes until a medical test confirms it.

Some common symptoms of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes include:

  • Rapid weight loss
  • Frequent need to urinate
  • Wounds that heal slowly
  • Blurry vision
  • Extreme hunger or thirst
  • Frequent infections or illnesses
  • Unexplained fatigue
  • Anxiety or heart palpitations

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes ― especially those that indicate low blood sugar ― can occur suddenly and may even be life-threatening.

What are the treatment options?

People with type 1 diabetes usually need to manage their symptoms with prescription insulin. You must continuously monitor your blood sugar levels and diet to ensure you don’t experience any life-threatening symptoms.

If you have type 2 diabetes, you might need to take a prescription medication that helps to regulate your body’s insulin response. However, a large part of treatment for type 2 diabetes is related to diet and lifestyle changes, which gives you more control over your health.

Dr. Lentzou can create a custom treatment plan that addresses your needs and reverses the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. While type 1 diabetes is technically incurable, both forms of the disease are manageable with the right care.

If you have any questions, book your appointment at Healthonomic Primary Care over the phone or by using the convenient online scheduler today.